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Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. The district is world famous for its Nirmal toy making & Dhokra casting. The district was situated between 77° 47' and 80° E, of the eastern longitudes and 18.40' and 19.56 N', of northern latitudes.

The district is bounded on north by Yeotmal and Chanda district of Maharashtra, on the east by Chanda district, on the south by Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts and on the west by Nanded district of Maharashtra State. 

The district has population of 27,41,239 as per the 2011 census which accounts for 7.79% of the total population of the State with 10.18% decadal growth.

Historical Background

The district derives its name from Adilabad, its headquarters town which was named after the ruler of Bijapur, Ali Adil Shah. The district was for long not a homogeneous unit and its component parts were ruled at different periods by nasties namely, the Mauryas, Staavahanas, Vakatakas, Chaludyasof Badami, Rashtrakututs, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Mughals,Bhosle Rajes of Nagpur and Asaf Jahis, besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda.



The southern part of the district consisting of Nirmal, Luxettipet, Khanapur and surrounding mandals is fairly developed agriculturally, owing to the availability of irrigation facilities there. The total cropped area of the district is 5.93 lakh hectares which constitute 37% of the total geographical area. The principal crops of the district are Jowar, paddy, Cotton, Wheat, Maize, Chillies, Sugarcane and Soy. 



There is a highest waterfall situated at Kuntala (V) of Neradigonda mandal, Potchera Waterfall at Pochara (V) of Boath mandal, the only one holy pilgrimage of Saraswathi temple at Basar where the thousands of pilgrimages are visiting every day.

The Kaddam Project is an existing major project across river Kaddam, a tributary of Godavari near Peddur (V), Kaddam  (M), Adilabad District. The project is envisaged to irrigate an ayacut of 68,000 Ac. Khariff.

The Kaddam Project has been integrated with Sriramasagar Project. The reservoir being supplemented through Sriramasagar Project, Saraswathi Canal to stabilize the localized ayacut.



Basara Temple is situated 150 Kms from Adilabad, Adilabad District, Sri Gyana Saraswathi temple at Basara on the banks of river Godavari is the only temple in South India dedicated to the Goddess of learning. The legend has it that after the Mahabharata war, sage Vyas embarked on a pilgrimage in search of peace. He reached the serene kumaranchala hills on the banks of river Godavari and meditated and propitiated the Goddess who eventually appeared before him and granted her presence in the form of the  divine trinity. The Goddess ordered the sage to place three handful of sand at three places everyday.

Miraculously these sand dunes transformed into the idols of the divine trinity i.e., Saraswathi, Lakshmi, & Kali. These are the presiding deities of Basar today. Despite the presence of the trinity, the temple is dedicated to Goddess Saraswathi.  


Hills & Rivers

The most important river that drains the district is the river Godavari. The Pengange, the Wardha, and the Pranahita com next importance. The Kadam and the Peddavagu are tributaries of the Godavari. Besides these, there are also rivulets like the Satnala, the Swarna vagu, and the Suddavagu which drain the district.

The Godavari which is the largest river in peninsular India raises in the western Ghats at Tri​mbakeshwar near Nasik in Maharastra state and enters this district near Basara in Mudhole Taluk.

This mighty river forms the boundary of the district separating the district from Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts and skirts the southern borders of Chennur, Luxettipet, Khanaapur, Nirmal and Mudhole east - while taluks. The Penganga forms part of the northern boundary of the district in Adilabad.

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AreaIn '000 Sq. Km16.1Census 2011
PopulationIn Persons27,41,239Census 2011
MaleIn Persons13,69,597Census 2011
FemaleIn Persons13,71,642Census 2011
UrbanIn Persons7,60,259Census 2011
RuralIn Persons19,80,980Census 2011
Population Growth (decadal)%10.18Census 2011
Population Density (Person/Sq.Km)Ratio170Census 2011
Literacy%61.01Census 2011
Male%70.81Census 2011
Female%51.31Census 2011
Urbanisation%27.734138Census 2011
Workers as % of total population%49.17Census 2011
Workers % of main Workers%37.77Census 2011
Household industries%4.3Census 2011
Area under Food & Non-Food cropsArea in Hectares6,60,641Statistical Year Book-2013
Mining & Quarrying (Coal - Top)Qty in tonnes1,18,75,286Statistical Year Book-2013
Forest Area under the control of Forest DepartmentArea in SQ.Kms7231.89Statistical Year Book-2013
Gross irrigated area as % of gross cropped area%16.84Statistical Year Book-2013
Road Length per 100 Sq.km102.69291Statistical Year Book-2013
Post offices per 100,000 personsRatio18.823605Statistical Year Book-2013
Bank branches per 100,000 personsRatio7.5513299Statistical Year Book-2013
Population per bankIn Thousands13.5Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank depositsRs. In Crores18532.496Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank creditIn Rs.16988.668Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank credit to agricultureIn Rs.28.429426Statistical Year Book-2013
Per ha. bank credit to agricultureIn Rs.11.796399Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank credit to IndustriesIn Rs.36.090144Statistical Year Book-2013
Total cotton370363723297Statistical Year Book-2013
Rice70749187267Statistical Year Book-2013
Soyabeen5877184630Statistical Year Book-2013
Redgram4063126817Statistical Year Book-2013
Jowar2879235462Statistical Year Book-2013
Maize2202068773Statistical Year Book-2013
Bengalgram1720425341Statistical Year Book-2013
Greengram80765240Statistical Year Book-2013
Coal1,18,75,2861,58,65,382Statistical Year Book-2013
Limestone42,16,2685,60,974Statistical Year Book-2013
Sri Jyothi Budha Prakash,
Sri K. Krishna ReddyJoint
Sri Mitta SrinivasSuperintendent of
Sri R. Bheema Naik, IPSD.I.G./I.G./Additional D.G. of